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黄金科学技术 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (2): 170-178.doi: 10.11872/j.issn.1005-2518.2018.02.170

• 采选技术与矿山管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

非均质岩石破裂及声发射演化数值模拟

程昊1,2,徐涛2*,周广磊2,房珂2   

  1. 1.中交天航港湾建设工程有限公司,天津 300450;
    2.东北大学岩石破裂与失稳研究中心,辽宁 沈阳 110819
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-13 修回日期:2017-09-29 出版日期:2018-04-30 发布日期:2018-05-19
  • 通讯作者: 徐涛(1975-),男,湖北随州人,教授、博士生导师,从事岩石破裂失稳研究工作。xutao@mail.neu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:程昊(1991-),男,山东菏泽人,硕士研究生,从事岩石力学研究工作。chengsir0727@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家973计划项目“重大岩体工程灾害模拟、软件及预警方法基础研究”(编号:2014CB047100)、国家自然科学基金项目“蠕变—疲劳交互作用下岩石变形损伤断裂机理研究”(编号:41672301)和“温度—渗流—应力耦合作用下脆性岩石蠕变特性及蠕变机理研究”(编号:51474051)、中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目“深部岩体蠕变损伤失稳多场耦合作用机理研究”(编号:N150102002)和黑龙江省科学基金项目“煤矿深部开采多物理场耦合作用下物化型软岩破坏机理”(编号:E2015031)联合资助
     

Numerical Simulation of Fracture and Acoustic Emission Evolution of Hetero-geneous Rocks

CHENG Hao 1,2,XU Tao 2,ZHOU Guanglei 2,FANG Ke 2   

  1. 1.Tianjin Harbour Engineering Co.,Ltd.,China Communications Construction Co.,Ltd.,Tianjin   300450,China;2.Centre for Rock Instability & Seismicity Research,Northeastern University,Shenyang   110819,China
  • Received:2017-07-13 Revised:2017-09-29 Online:2018-04-30 Published:2018-05-19

摘要:

在应变软化本构模型的基础上,考虑岩石材料非均质性和损伤过程中力学性质的弱化特性,建立了非均质岩石损伤软化本构模型,推导了损伤软化本构模型的差分格式,在VC++环境下实现了损伤软化本构模型在FLAC3D中的二次开发。研究了不同均质度对岩石变形强度等力学特性的影响,以及岩石破坏过程中的声发射演化特性。研究表明:随着岩石均质度的增高,岩石的破坏过程由延性向脆性转化,岩石峰值强度和峰值应变不断增大,而残余强度降低;当岩石均质度较低时,岩石破坏剪切带的形成会发生滞后,随着均质度的增加,单轴加载条件下岩石声发射体现出由强度低、频率高向强度高、频率低转化的特性,并表现出群震型、前震—主震—余震型和主震型3种典型模式。

关键词: FLAC3D, 应变软化, 非均质, 岩石破坏, 声发射, 抗压强度

Abstract:

Based on strain softening constitutive model,a damage softening constitutive model of heterogeneous rocks was established by considering the heterogeneity of rock material and the weakening characteristics of mechanical properties during damage process.The difference scheme of damage softening constitutive model was deduced and the further development of the damage softening constitutive model was achieved in FLAC3D under VC++ environment.The influence of different homogenization on mechanical properties and acoustic emission characteristic of rocks were numerically investigated. The results show that material heterogeneity has remarkable influence on the mechanical properties of rock samples. With the increase of material heterogeneity,there is a transition from ductile behavior into brittle fracture in rock failure. Meanwhile,peak strength and peak strain of rocks gradually increase,but residual strength of rocks gradually decreases.It is also found that the through-going shear fractures in the rock specimen lag behind for the more heterogeneous rock. Furthermore,there is a transition from low intensity and high frequency to high intensity and low frequency in AE characteristics of rock under uniaxial loading with an increase in heterogeneity of rock,and three typical AE patterns,swarm shock,foreshock-main shock-aftershock,and main shock,can be observed.

Key words: FLAC3D, strain softening, heterogeneity, rock failure, acoustic emission, compressive strength

中图分类号: 

  • TU443

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