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黄金科学技术 ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (6): 1004-1013.doi: 10.11872/j.issn.1005-2518.2023.06.104

• 采选技术与矿山管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

多要素驱动资源型城市转型的路径研究——基于TOE框架的fsQCA分析

陈美玲(),徐水太(),顾东明   

  1. 江西理工大学经济管理学院,江西 赣州 341000
  • 收稿日期:2023-07-25 修回日期:2023-09-17 出版日期:2023-12-31 发布日期:2024-01-26
  • 通讯作者: 徐水太 E-mail:1054426320@qq.com;stxu@jxust.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:陈美玲(1999-),女,江西万载人,硕士研究生,从事资源、环境与可持续发展研究工作。1054426320@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目“产品空间视角下中国稀有矿产资源产业升级路径及政策选择研究”(20XGL016)

Research on the Path of Transformation of Resource-based Cities Driven by Multiple Factors:Analysis of fsQCA Based on TOE Framework

Meiling CHEN(),Shuitai XU(),Dongming GU   

  1. School of Economics and Management,Jiangxi University of Technology,Ganzhou 341000,Jiangxi,China
  • Received:2023-07-25 Revised:2023-09-17 Online:2023-12-31 Published:2024-01-26
  • Contact: Shuitai XU E-mail:1054426320@qq.com;stxu@jxust.edu.cn

摘要:

推动资源型城市高质量转型是新时代经济社会发展过程中亟待解决的现实问题。基于TOE框架构建资源型城市转型影响因素模型,运用模糊集定性比较分析(fsQCA)探讨技术、组织和环境3个维度的因素耦合对资源型城市转型的驱动机制。研究表明:单一因素并不能构成资源型城市高转型效率的必要条件;环境驱动型、组织—环境驱动型和综合驱动型3种组合路径能够产生高转型效率。环境因素在资源型城市转型中发挥着重要作用,技术创新和资源依赖是资源型城市转型的核心要素,而人力资本因素未发挥核心条件作用。研究结果揭示了不同资源型城市转型中各因素之间的交互作用,为各类资源型城市实现转型升级提供了理论指导。

关键词: 资源型城市, 转型, 组态分析, 资源依赖, TOE框架, fsQCA方法

Abstract:

The transformation of resource-based cities is an important grip to achieve high-quality development.Sixty-three resource cities in China were selected as research cases.Based on the TOE framework model,the influencing of the transformation of resource cities was constructed.The DEA method was applied to measure the transformation efficiency of resource cities.Further,fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) was used to explore the driving mechanism of the coupling of factors in the three dimensions of technology,organization and environment on the transformation of resource-based cities.The complex causal relationship between factors in the technology,organization and environment dimensions and urban transformation was analyzed.The research shows that a single factor can’t constitute a necessary conditions for the high trans-formation efficiency of resource-based cities.The three combination paths of environment-driven,organisation-environment-driven and integrated-driven can produce high transformation efficiency.The environmental factors play an important role in the transformation of resource-based cities.The technological innovation and resource dependence are also the core elements in the transformation of resource-based cities,while the human capital factors don’t play a role as a core condition.The research results reveal the interaction between various factors in the transformation of different resource-based cities,and provide theoretical guidance for the transformation and upgrading of various resource-based cities.Based on the “group perspective” and in conjunction with the local development situation,resource cities should optimize the allocation of resources at the technical,organizational and environmental levels,choose appropriate transformation paths and take multiple measures to achieve urban transformation and upgrading.

Key words: resource-based cities, transformation, configuration analysis, resource dependence, TOE frame-work, fsQCA method

中图分类号: 

  • F299.2

图1

资源型城市转型的TOE理论模型框架transformation of resource-based cities"

表1

资源型城市转型效率评价体系"

标准层要素层指标层
投入指标劳动投入城镇单位从业人员期末人数(人)
资本投入固定资本存量(万元)
能源投入液化石油气供气总量(万t)
全社会用电量(万kW·h)
产出指标经济产出地区生产总值(万元)
环境产出工业废水排放量(万t)
工业SO2排放量(t)
工业烟(粉)尘排放量(t)

表2

校准和描述性统计"

条件与结果模糊集校准描述性统计
完全隶属交叉点完全不隶属最大值最小值均值标准差
技术创新19 790.30002 303.0000451.900033 655.000027.00004 664.69446 317.0506
资源依赖0.78040.18480.00630.86580.00020.26690.2565
人力资本0.02760.00960.00270.06000.00160.01220.0101
产业结构4.33301.54220.75696.60970.54281.92111.2713
环境规制0.00540.00330.00170.00600.00150.00340.0011
经济发展101 519.400043 112.500025 627.5500188 857.000016 868.000051 692.333328 527.8181
转型效率1.00000.52680.29141.00000.21320.62010.2788

表3

fsQCA方法必要性分析"

前因条件高转型效率
一致性覆盖率
技术创新0.59950.7170
~技术创新0.62340.5442
资源依赖0.57200.6392
~资源依赖0.62370.5738
人力资本0.62260.6712
~人力资本0.60610.5750
产业结构0.52910.5885
~产业结构0.67820.6263
环境规制0.63640.6493
~环境规制0.57890.5779
经济发展0.64680.7042
~经济发展0.57170.5377

表4

产生高转型效率的组态"

前因条件产生高转型效率的组态及条件
H1aH1bH2aH2bH3aH3b
技术创新???
资源依赖
人力资本??
产业结构??
环境规制
经济发展?
一致性0.89370.89890.90110.89010.89500.8894
原始覆盖率0.26840.18610.24610.27200.25350.2323
唯一覆盖率0.07740.00520.00830.01050.03550.0399
总一致性0.8606
总覆盖度0.4760

表5

提高案例频数阈值的稳健性检验"

前因条件产生高转型效率的组态
(1)(2)(3)
技术创新?
资源依赖
人力资本??
产业结构合理化
环境规制
经济发展?
一致性0.26840.23230.2376
原始覆盖率0.09910.05590.0270
唯一覆盖率0.89370.88940.8971
总一致性0.8754
总覆盖度0.3926
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