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黄金科学技术 ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (6): 964-977.doi: 10.11872/j.issn.1005-2518.2023.06.089

• 采选技术与矿山管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

矿边智能:智能矿山边缘侧建设新趋势

赵子瑜1(),毕林1,2()   

  1. 1.中南大学资源与安全工程学院,湖南 长沙 410083
    2.长沙迪迈数码科技股份有限公司,湖南 长沙 410221
  • 收稿日期:2023-06-13 修回日期:2023-09-01 出版日期:2023-12-31 发布日期:2024-01-26
  • 通讯作者: 毕林 E-mail:225501023@csu.edu.cn;mr.bilin@csu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:赵子瑜(1993-),男,云南昆明人,博士研究生,从事智能采矿技术研究工作。225501023@csu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目“超大规模金属露天矿低碳开采技术与连续运输装备”(2023YFC2907305);“盘区智能化回采作业链高效协同技术与装备”(2022YFC2904105)

Mine Edge Intelligence:A New Trend in the Construction of the Edge Layer for Smart Mines

Ziyu ZHAO1(),Lin BI1,2()   

  1. 1.School of Resources and Safety Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, Hunan, China
    2.Changsha Digital Mine Co. , Ltd. , Changsha 410221, Hunan, China
  • Received:2023-06-13 Revised:2023-09-01 Online:2023-12-31 Published:2024-01-26
  • Contact: Lin BI E-mail:225501023@csu.edu.cn;mr.bilin@csu.edu.cn

摘要:

以工业物联网模式建设智能矿山“云—边—端”系统是未来矿山企业的发展重点。目前,“云”和“端”的数字化和智能化建设已初具规模,但对“边”的建设较为薄弱,导致智能矿山生产面临一些瓶颈,难以常态化运行。为加强智能矿山边缘层建设,提出“矿边智能”概念,将其定义为一种专门针对矿山生产环境而设计的新型边缘智能技术体系,具备地理、网络和技术的多维特性,其关键技术是实现对数据融合技术、信息通信能力和边缘安全保障技术的突破,从而提高矿山整体生产效率和安全性。同时,提出将现有开采工艺与智能技术深度融合的发展理念,以软件需求为驱动对采矿工艺进行重塑,进一步推进矿山智能化建设进程。研究指出,今后矿山边缘层智能建设的重点方向应聚焦在采矿技术与智能技术的深度融合,基于采矿工艺的决策技术,复杂开采场景的网络架构、位置服务与通信技术,复杂开采场景的环境感知技术以及“矿边”多源信息融合与分析技术等领域。

关键词: 智能采矿, “云—边—端”协同, 工业物联网, 边缘智能, 数据融合, 工艺融合

Abstract:

The “cloud-edge-terminal” system of smart mines under the mode of industrial internet of things(IIoT) has become the focus of development of mining enterprises.At present,the digitalization and intelligence at the “cloud” and “end” levels have began to take shape.However,the construction at the “edge” level,namely the edge layer,is relatively weak,which restricts the production efficiency of smart mines.Therefore,the concept of “mine-edge intelligence” were proposed,which was defined as an edge intelligence technology system specifically designed for mining production environments,with multi-dimensional characteristics in geography,network and technology.The key technologies include data fusion,information communication and edge security.Data fusion not only integrates data from different sources,but also solves the issue of equipment compatibility.The equipment in the mining environment comes from various vendors,utilizing different communication protocols and data formats.It is very important to establish a data fusion platform that can handle heterogeneous data and ensure compatibility among devices.This necessitates the conversion of data formats,so that the data in the system circulation,coupled with data cleaning,processing,and analysis.The information and communication capacities focus on establishing an efficient and reliable communication network in the mining environment.This includes the adoption of advanced communication technologies and network architectures to optimize network configuration and management,and ensure rapid and secure data transmission between the “cloud”,“edge” and “end”.The edge security technology focuses on protecting edge layer devices and data,including encryption,authentication,and access control methods to enhance security.Moreover,it is necessary to emphasize the deep integration of mining technology with intelligent technology.This includes process reshaping driven by software requirements,as well as innovations in process decision-making,network architecture and environmental sensing.In summary,as the core of the smart mine’s edge layer,“mine-edge intelligence”needs to strengthen data fusion,information communication and edge security technology.Future development should focus on the deep integration of mining technology and intelligent technology to enhance production efficiency and safety.

Key words: intelligent mining, “cloud-edge-end” collaboration, industrial internet of things, edge intelligence, data fusion, process integration

中图分类号: 

  • TD67

图 1

矿山“云—边—端”技术架构"

图2

“矿边智能”体系下“云—边—端”部署新模式"

图3

“矿边智能”物理基础示意图"

图4

“矿边智能”应用服务示意图"

图5

基于OPC UA的异构数据处理方案"

图6

基于SDN的异构网络解决方案"

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