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黄金科学技术 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 147-154.doi: 10.11872/j.issn.1005-2518.2021.01.051

• 采选技术与矿山管理 • 上一篇    

充填料浆流动温变性研究

孙京阁(),关鑫磊,刘杰,赵忠琦()   

  1. 山东黄金矿业(玲珑)有限公司,山东 招远 265419
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-03 修回日期:2020-07-21 出版日期:2021-02-28 发布日期:2021-03-22
  • 通讯作者: 赵忠琦 E-mail:sunjg@sd-gold.com;974975253@qq.com
  • 作者简介:孙京阁(1979-),男,山东招远人,工程师,从事采矿技术管理工作。sunjg@sd-gold.com

Study on Flow Temperature Denaturation of Filling Slurry

Jingge SUN(),Xinlei GUAN,Jie LIU,Zhongqi ZHAO()   

  1. Shandong Gold Mining (Linglong) Co. ,Ltd. ,Zhaoyuan 265419,Shandong,China
  • Received:2020-03-03 Revised:2020-07-21 Online:2021-02-28 Published:2021-03-22
  • Contact: Zhongqi ZHAO E-mail:sunjg@sd-gold.com;974975253@qq.com

摘要:

为解决矿山充填料浆堵管事故频发的问题,以具有代表性的不同配比充填料浆为研究对象,通过安东帕MCR102高级流变仪获取并分析相关数据,重点研究了充填料浆的温度对高浓度充填料浆流变特性的影响,探索温度变化对充填料浆流动性能的影响。研究结果表明:(1)高浓度全尾砂充填料浆的流变性能会随着料浆的温度变化而发生变化;(2)随着温度的升高,高浓度全尾砂充填料浆黏度系数降低,屈服应力先下降再升高;(3)温度为10 ℃时高浓度全尾砂充填料浆流变性能最好。根据本研究结果,矿山在使用高浓度全尾砂充填料浆时,可适当调节充填料浆温度,使充填料浆达到流变性能最优状态,进而减少充填料浆堵管事故的发生。

关键词: 充填料浆, 流变特性, 温度, 黏度系数, 屈服应力, 高级流变仪

Abstract:

From June 2017 to April 2018,frequent pipe plugging accidents occurred in the underground filling of Linglong gold mine,which required a lot of manpower and material resources to restore the pipeline,greatly reducing the filling efficiency.The pipe plugging accident has seriously affected the normal production of the mine and has become one of the factors restricting the development of mine filling technology.In the filling process,the mixing station for filling slurry is generally set on the ground.After the water,full tailings and material C are fully mixed in the mixing barrel,they are transported to the underground goaf through the filling pipeline.The temperature difference between winter and summer in northern China is 30 ℃ to 40 ℃.The hydration reaction of cement is greatly affected by the temperature when the slurry is stirred.When the filling slurry enters the underground through the pipeline,it will be affected by the ground temperature,resulting in the change of slurry temperature.Therefore,the rheological characteristics of the filling slurry in the pipeline are always changing.The rate of cement hydration is greatly affected by the temperature,so the fluidity of the filling slurry will change in different transportation time.Therefore,it is necessary to study the influence of temperature change on the flow performance of the filling slurry.However,there is relatively few research on the influence of temperature change on the hydration of cement.In this paper,the flow characteristics of the filling slurry with full tailings at 20 ℃,15 ℃,10 ℃ and 5 ℃ were studied.According to the actual situation of the mine and the past research in the laboratory,the design slurry concentration is 65% and 68% respectively,and the ash sand ratio is 1∶8 and 1∶12 respectively.The time when material C,tailing and water are mixed together is taken as the starting point of timing.The Origin software was used to process 13 440 experimental data,at each temperature,then we get the shear rate-shear stress curves of different slurry ratio,slurry viscosity coefficient,line graph of relationship between slurry yield stress and slurry temperature and slurry temperature relationship line chart.Through the analysis,the following conclusions are obtained:In the same reaction time,the viscosity coefficient decreases with the increase of temperature;In the same reaction time,the yield stress decreases first and then increases with the increase of temperature;When the yield stress is the lowest,the corresponding reaction temperature of slurry is 10 ℃;The best temperature for the preparation and transportation of the slurry is 10 ℃,at this time,the material resistance loss coefficient of slurry is the smallest.According to the results of this study,when the mine uses high-concentration full tailings filling slurry,the filling temperature can be adjusted appropriately to make the filling slurry reach the optimal state of rheological properties,thereby reducing the occurrence of pipe blockage accidents with the filling slurry.

Key words: filling slurry, rheological properties, temperature, viscosity coefficient, yield stress, advanced rheometer

中图分类号: 

  • TD989

表1

玲珑金矿全尾砂和胶凝材料粒度指标"

粒径粒度/μm
全尾砂胶凝材料
d106.305.07
d2524.0323.93
d5094.0261.60
d75179.19154.68
d90228.21236.71

图1

玲珑选厂全尾砂粒度分布曲线"

表2

玲珑金矿全尾砂化学成分分析"

化学成分质量分数化学成分质量分数
SiO266.90CaO2.27
Al2O318.06Fe2O31.51
K2O4.70MgO0.88
Na2O2.85S0.25

图2

MCR102型流变仪(a)和恒温水浴装置(b)"

表3

温度对充填料浆流变特性影响的试验设计"

料浆配比灰砂比质量浓度/%胶凝材料/g尾砂/g水/g总计/g
8-651∶86516.25130.0078.75225.00
8-681∶86817.00136.0072.00
12-651∶126511.25135.0078.75
12-681∶126811.77141.2372.00

图3

温度为20 ℃时不同料浆浓度、灰砂比、时间下流变特性曲线"

图4

不同配比、温度下黏度变化曲线注:图例中“8-65”表示灰砂比为1∶8,料浆浓度为65%;其余依此类推"

图5

不同配比、温度下屈服应力变化曲线注:图例中“8-65”表示灰砂比为1∶8,料浆浓度为65%;其余图例依此类推"

图6

不同配比、温度下阻力损失变化曲线注:图例中“8-65”表示灰砂比为1∶8,料浆浓度为65%;其余图例依此类推"

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