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黄金科学技术 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (5): 543-558.doi: 10.11872/j.issn.1005-2518.2018.05.543

• •    下一篇

郯庐断裂带的几个关键问题探讨

梁光河1,2,3   

  1. 1 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所,中国科学院矿产资源研究重点实验室,北京 100029
    2 中国科学院地球科学研究院,北京 100029
    3 中国科学院大学,北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-16 修回日期:2018-08-15 出版日期:2018-10-20 发布日期:2018-10-31
  • 作者简介:梁光河(1965-),男,河南新野人,副研究员,从事矿产资源勘查、大地构造和地震成因机制研究工作。lgh@mail.iggcas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划“深地资源勘查开采”重点专项项目“北方增生造山成矿系统的深部结构与成矿过程”(2017YFC0601204);和国家重大科研装备研制项目“深部资源探测核心装备研发”子项目“金属矿地震探测系统”(ZDY2012-1-06)

Discussion on Several Key Problems of the Tanlu Fault

Guanghe LIANG1,2,3   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources Research,Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029, China
    2 Institutions of Earth Sciences,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China
    3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China
  • Received:2018-05-16 Revised:2018-08-15 Online:2018-10-20 Published:2018-10-31

摘要:

郯庐断裂是中国东部的一个巨型断裂,目前关于郯庐断裂的几个关键问题仍存在较大争议:一是郯庐断裂的长度;二是郯庐断裂的走滑距离和走滑深度;三是郯庐断裂的形成与活动时间;四是郯庐断裂与胶东金矿的关系。基于地质、地球物理和地球化学研究结果,结合近期郯庐断裂带区域高精度石油地震勘探资料和地质测年资料,通过大地构造演化史恢复说明,郯庐断裂的雏形出现在中生代的中央造山带东段,走滑开始于新生代初期,大规模平移走滑发生在45~24 Ma,并持续活动至今。郯庐断裂总体左行走滑量约为760 km,总长度约为3 000 km。对于胶东金矿,郯庐断裂主要是一个改造断裂。郯庐断裂带的形成和演化与中新生代欧亚板块东缘的构造环境变化密切相关。研究结果为中国东部大地构造动力演化及成矿过程研究提供了新思路。

关键词: 郯庐断裂带, 胶东金矿, 走滑活动时间, 走滑距离, 地震勘探, 构造演化史, 郯庐断裂长度

Abstract:

Tanlu fault is a huge fault in eastern China.At present,there are still some key problems concerning the Tanlu fault.One is the length of Tanlu fault.The second is the horizontal slip distance and depth of the Tanlu fault.The third is the formation of Tanlu faults and its activity time.The fourth is whether it is the main controlling factor for the formation of the Jiaodong gold deposit.Based on a large number of geological,geophysical and geochemical results,combining the latest high-precision petroleum seismic exploration in Tanlu fault zone,the restoration of tectonic evolution shows that the rudimentary Tanlu fault occurred in the Mesozoic,mainly in the central orogenic belt of the southern section,and large-scale strike slips occurred in the Cenozoic (45~24 Ma).The horizontal slip distance of the Tanlu fault is about 760 km.Tanlu fault is mainly a reconstructed fault,not the main control structure of the Jiaodong gold deposit.The primary ore-controlling structure of the Jiaodong gold deposit is a central orogenic belt.The formation and evolution of the Tanlu fault is closely related to the formation of many Mesozoic and Cenozoic pull-apart basins in eastern China.This study will provide a new idea for the study of tectonic dynamic environment and mineralization process in eastern China.

Key words: Tanlu fault, Jiaodong gold deposit, activity time of horizontal slip, horizontal slip distance, seismic exploration, tectonic evolution history, length of Tanlu fault

中图分类号: 

  • P64

图1

亚洲构造分区简图及郯庐断裂带区域地质图(据文献[2-4]修改) 1.太古宙或早元古代固结的地台;2.晚元古代固结的地台;3.早古生代造山带;4.晚古生代造山带;5.早中生代造山带;6.晚中生代造山带;7.新生代造山带;8.中新生代蛇绿岩、混杂堆积;9.海沟;10.郯庐断裂"

表1

郯庐断裂的主要研究结论及依据统计"

推测走滑量/km 走滑时间、运动方式 断裂长度/km 主要依据 参考文献
400~600 中生代 未描述 地层、矿床、岩浆岩 [9]
550 中生代左旋 未描述 地层、标志层、生物群 [10]
450~740 中生代左旋,新生代右旋 2 400~5 000 地层、矿床、岩浆岩 [4-8,12,17]
430 中生代左旋压张变化 1 500~3 500 地层、标志层、岩浆岩 [11]
550 中生代 未描述 文献综述 [15]
>550 中生代左旋 未描述 古地磁 [16]
未描述 早白垩古近纪左旋 未描述 岩浆活动、盆地、变质核杂岩 [19]
未描述 白垩末—古近纪左旋 未描述 断层泥测年 [20-21]
未描述 古新世—始新世左旋 未描述 磷灰石定年、露头、地震勘探断裂分析 [22-23]

图2

伸展构造产生的伸展盆地和引起的地壳伸展量示意图(据文献[42]修改)"

图3

郯庐断裂带内渤海湾地区南北地震勘探大剖面构造演化史恢复(地震勘探剖面原图据文献[43]修改) 1.早第三纪之前地层;2.基底"

图4

鲁东隆起区域地震勘探测线分布及郯庐断裂解释[22] 1.二维地震勘探线编号及勘探线位置;2.郯庐断裂主断裂;3.郯庐断裂晚期断裂"

图5

大别—苏鲁超高压变质带的展布特征、标志点和构造线变形(据文献[48]修改) 1.低温/低压绿片岩相带;2.高温/超高压麻粒岩相带;3.中温/超高压榴辉岩相带;4.低温/超高压榴辉岩相带;5.低温/高压蓝片岩相带;6.显生宙盖层;7.胶东主构造原始方向;8. 胶东主构造改造后方向;9.苏鲁超高压变质岩带原始方向;10.苏鲁超高压变质岩带改造后方向;11.郯庐断裂右侧地块运动方向"

图6

欧亚板块东缘宏观受力示意图及新大陆漂移模型(据文献[60-61]修编) 1.断裂;2.地块运动方向;3.俯冲带"

图7

欧亚板块东缘微板块裂解复原及新大陆漂移动力机制示意图"

图8

新生代欧亚板块东缘大陆板块漂移过程和郯庐断裂形成过程"

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