img

QQ群聊

img

官方微信

高级检索

黄金科学技术 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 387-394.doi: 10.11872/j.issn.1005-2518.2018.03.387

• • 上一篇    

金属矿床地下采矿方法分类表的修订

胡华瑞,李旭东,陈庆发*,高飞红   

  1. 广西大学资源环境与材料学院,广西 南宁 530004
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-09 修回日期:2018-05-20 出版日期:2018-06-30 发布日期:2018-08-24
  • 通讯作者: 陈庆发(1979-),男,河南郸城人,教授,从事非传统采矿工艺理论及矿山岩石力学研究工作。chqf98121@163.com
  • 作者简介:胡华瑞(1991-),男,湖北天门人,硕士研究生,从事非传统采矿工艺理论研究工作。hhrui1004@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    广西自然科学基金联合资助培育项目“金属矿床协同采矿方法”(编号:2017JJA150624)资助

Revised Classification Table of Underground Mining Method for Metallic Ore Deposits

HU Huarui,LI Xudong,CHEN Qingfa,GAO Feihong   

  1. School of Resources,Environment and Materials,Guangxi University,Nanning 530004,Guangxi,China
  • Received:2017-07-09 Revised:2018-05-20 Online:2018-06-30 Published:2018-08-24

摘要: 科学、合理地进行采矿方法分类有助于后期新采矿方法的分门别类及采矿基础理论的发展。针对采矿方法分类存在的诸多问题,结合采矿方法分类发展历程,对分类基本原则进行了归纳,并对分类中存在的问题进行了详细的阐释、论述与订正,基于此制订了采矿方法修订原则且改进了原有的采矿方法分类表。研究表明:(1)分类应依地压管理方法进行,联合法应剔除采矿方法分类表,支柱及支柱充填采矿法属于充填法,嗣后充填类采矿方法分类则视回采时充填体所起作用而定;(2)空场嗣后充填采矿法的归属问题应视回采时具体情况而定,组合式采矿方法包含于三大类采矿方法,而联合式采矿法则单独分类,“爆力运矿采矿法” 不必列入“采矿方法名称”列;(3)采矿方法分类必须依回采时(非回采后)的地压管理方法进行,结合各类采矿方法特性,得到改进后采矿方法分类表。

关键词: 采矿方法, 分类表, 修订, 地压管理方法, 金属矿床

Abstract: Cientific and reasonable classification for mining methods are conducive to the categorization of future mining methods and the development of basic theory of mining.However,the current classification of mining method is questionable.Therefore,in this paper,considering the development history of mining method,various classification principles were discussed,some problems in the classification were demon-strated, discussed and dealt with.Finally,a modified classification principle of mining methods was developed,and the current classification table of mining methods was improved.The results show that (1)the classifi-cation process should be based on the underground pressure management,the coupled method should be re-moved from the classification table of mining methods,pillar mining method and pillar filling mining method are both belong to the categorization of filling mining method,and the classification of some subsequent filling methods should be performed by considering the role that the filling body plays (i.e.,ground stress control or goaf treatment);(2) the belonging of the open stoping method with delayed filling should be based on the actual situation,the combined mining method should be involved in the three mining methods,the coupled mining method should be separately classified,and the explosive ore-handling mining method was not an inde-pendent method;(3)the classification of mining methods should be performed by considering the ground stress control methods,and a improved classification table of mining methods can be obtained based on the properties of various mining methods.

Key words: mining methods, classification table, improve, ground pressure management method, metal mine

中图分类号: 

  • TD853
[1] 采矿手册编辑委员会.采矿手册[M].北京:冶金工业出版社,1988.<br />
Editorial Committee of Mining Handbook.Mining Hanbook[M].Beijing:Metallurgical Industry Press,1988.<br />
[2] 采矿设计手册编写委员会.采矿设计手册[M].北京:中国建筑工业出版社,1987.<br />
Editorial Committee of Mining Design Handbook.Mining Design Handbook[M].Beijing:China Construction Industry Press,1987.<br />
[3] Marcus J J.Mining Environmental Handbook[M].London:Imperial College Press,1997.<br />
[4] Harman H L.Mining Engineering Handbook[M].2nd Edition.Littleton: SME,1992.<br />
[5] Mihaylov G.An approach to designing a classification of the underground ore mining methods[J].Mining and Mineral Processing,2003,46(2):1-4.<br />
[6] Oparin V N,Tapsiev A P,Freidin A M.Classification of methods for ore mining at a large depth[J].Journal of Mining Science,2008,44(6):569-577.<br />
[7] 东北工学院.关于金属矿床地下采矿方法分类问题[J].采矿译本,1958,5(3):45-52.<br />
Northeast Institute of Technology.Classification of underground mining methods for metallic deposits[J].Mining Translation,1958,5(3):45-52.<br />
[8] 甘肃金川有色金属公司龙首矿生产技术科.对金属矿床地下采矿方法分类的看法[J].有色金属(矿山部分),1977(1):47-50.<br />
Department of Production Technology of Jinchuan Non-ferrous Metals Company in Gansu Longshou Mine.The classification of metal deposits underground mining method view[J].Nonferrous Metals (Mining Section),1977(1):47-50.<br />
[9] 任新民.关于采矿方法几个问题的讨论[J].中国钼业,1995,10(2):45-50.<br />
Ren Xinmin.Discussion on some problems of mining methods[J].China Molybdenum Industry,1995,10(2):45-50.<br />
[10] 孙豁然,毛凤海,安龙,等.论金属矿床地下开采采矿方法称谓[J].金属矿山,2010,39(2):13-17.<br />
Sun Huoran,Mao Fenghai,An Long,et al.Discourse upon the appellation of underground mining methods in metal mine[J].Metal Mine,2010,39(2):13-17.<br />
[11] 王青,任凤玉.采矿学[M].第2版.北京:冶金工业出版社,2011.<br />
Wang Qing,Ren Fengyu.Mining Science[M].2nd Edition.Beijing:Metallurgical Industry Press,2011.<br />
[12] 王运敏.现代采矿手册[M].北京:冶金工业出版社,2011.<br />
Wang Yunmin.Handbook of Modern Mining[M].Beijing:Metallurgical Industry Press,2011.<br />
[13] 北京钢铁学院.金属矿床开采[M].北京:冶金工业出版社,1959.<br />
Beijing Institute of Iron and Steel.Mining of Metal Deposits[M].Beijing:Metallurgical Industry Press,1959.<br />
[14] 张玉清.关于金属矿床地下采矿方法分类的探讨[J].有色金属(矿山部分),1975(4):51-57.<br />
Zhang Yuqing.Discussion on classification of underground mining methods for metal deposits[J].Nonferrous Metals(Mining Section),1975(4):51-57.<br />
[15] 解世俊.金属矿床地下开采[M].北京:冶金工业出版社,1979.<br />
Xie Shijun.Underground Mining of Metal Deposits[M].Beijing:Metallurgical Industry Press,1979.<br />
[16] 王青,史维祥.采矿学[M].北京:冶金工业出版社,2001.<br />
Wang Qing,Shi Weixiang.Mining Science[M].Beijing:Metallurgical Industry Press,2001.<br />
[17] 张世雄.固体矿物资源开发工程[M].武汉:武汉理工大学出版社,2005.<br />
Zhang Shixiong.Development Engineering of Solid Mineral Resources[M].Wuhan:Wuhan University of Technology Press,2005.<br />
[18] 张世雄.固体矿物资源开发工程[M].第2版.武汉:武汉理工大学出版社,2010.<br />
Zhang Shixiong.Development Engineering of Solid Mineral Resources[M].2nd Edition.Wuhan:Wuhan University of Technology Press,2010.<br />
[19] 陈庆发,刘俊广,黎永杰,等.电耙—爆力协同搬运伪倾斜房柱采矿法[P].中国:CN201610577976.4,2016-07-21.<br />
Chen Qingfa,Liu Junguang,Li Yongjie,et al.Electric rake-explosive cooperativecarrying oblique room pillar mining method[P].China:CN201610577976.4,2016-07-21.<br />
[20] 陈庆发,李世轩,胡华瑞,等.浅孔凿岩爆力—电耙协同运搬分段矿房采矿法[P].中国:CN106499395A,2017-03-15.<br />
Chen Qingfa,Li Shixuan,Hu Huarui,et al.Mining me-thod of sublevel caving with shallow borehole rock blasting force-electric Harrow[P].China:CN106499395A,2017-03-15.<br />
[1] 李夕兵, 刘冰. 硬岩矿山充填开采现状评述与探索[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2018, 26(4): 492-502.
[2] 胡建华, 任启帆, 亓中华, 张纪伟. 卧虎山铁矿采场极限暴露面积回归优化模型[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2018, 26(4): 503-510.
[3] 史采星, 郭利杰, 陈鑫政. 采场充填料浆流动与离析规律的试验研究[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2018, 26(4): 520-527.
[4] 李文臣, 郭利杰, 陈鑫政, 李宗楠, 李欣. 尾砂胶结充填体三维空间强度分布相似模拟试验研究[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2018, 26(4): 528-534.
[5] 王新民, 赵茂阳, 荣帅, 王浩, 张云海. APAM对全尾砂胶结充填体早期强度影响研究[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2018, 26(3): 305-311.
[6] 胡桂英, 刘科伟, 杜鑫, 李萧翰. 光面掏槽爆破技术的研究及其在巷道掘进中的应用[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2018, 26(3): 349-356.
[7] 史采星, 郭利杰, 李文臣, 张丹. 铅锌冶炼渣充填胶凝材料研究及应用[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2018, 26(2): 160-169.
[8] 林格, 宫凤强. 不同受力维度下红砂岩失稳评判指标研究[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2018, 26(2): 195-202.
[9] 刘定一, 王李管, 陈鑫, 钟德云, 徐志强. 地下矿中长期计划多目标优化及应用研究[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2018, 26(2): 228-233.
[10] 曹世荣,韩建文,李永欣,王晓军 *,冯萧,卓毓龙. 基于声发射概率密度函数固废胶结充填体损伤分析[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2017, 25(6): 92-98.
[11] 李宗楠,郭利杰*,余斌,史采星 . 基于宾汉姆体的高浓度尾砂浆剪切变稀规律研究[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2017, 25(4): 33-38.
[12] 丁剑锋. 某金矿矿仓治理研究[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2017, 25(4): 52-57.
[13] 白朝阳,王国伟,张鹏,刘拴平. 水平采空区群条件下矿柱回采爆破位置研究[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2017, 25(4): 81-86.
[14] 王新民,荣帅,赵茂阳,张钦礼. 基于变权重理论和TOPSIS的尾砂浓密装置优选[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2017, 25(3): 77-83.
[15] 徐怀浩,李进友. 大尹格庄金矿磨矿系统增产降耗的应用实践[J]. 黄金科学技术, 2017, 25(3): 116-120.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] 潘光明 ,胡磊 ,谷新建. 龙山金锑矿低品位老窿残矿回收技术[J]. J4, 2008, 16(1): 16 -18 .
[2] 柳玉明,张海芳. 山东三甲金矿床深部地质特征及成矿规律研究[J]. J4, 2008, 16(4): 48 -53 .
[3] 怀宝峰, 王晓勇, 宋丙剑, 梁海军. 吉林省杜荒岭金矿床地质特征及成矿规律浅析[J]. J4, 2007, 15(3): 19 -23 .
[4] 高宇梁, 刘成平, 王俊云. 鸡冠嘴与桃花嘴矿床水文地质新认识[J]. J4, 2005, 13(1-2): 10 -15 .
[5] 陈满,梁海军,王献忠,徐伦先. 黑龙江省大兴安岭富林地区金地球化学找矿模型[J]. J4, 2007, 15(6): 1 -5 .
[6] 宋丙剑,赵春荣,王晓勇,孙厚福. 大兴安岭额尔古纳成矿带特征及金成矿条件探讨[J]. J4, 2007, 15(6): 19 -23 .
[7] 杨银成,周金玺,彭勇,沈刚刚. 青海省祁连县热水沟铁矿地质特征及成因探讨[J]. J4, 2007, 15(6): 30 -34 .
[8] 于永安, 岳杰峰, 朝银银, 马潇. 辽西凹陷与岩浆热液有关的大型金矿床的找矿模式及应用[J]. J4, 2009, 17(3): 12 -16 .
[9] 宋桂雪,冯明昭,王菊芳. 煤金团聚法回收金机理初探[J]. J4, 2009, 17(4): 39 -46 .
[10] 王成钊, 栾桂勇, 季明善, 李俊章. 分层式给煤装置在燃煤锅炉上的应用[J]. J4, 2006, 14(5): 44 -45 .