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黄金科学技术 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 261-269.doi: 10.11872/j.issn.1005-2518.2018.03.261

• 矿产勘查与资源评价 •    下一篇

滇东南老君山矿集区三保锰银矿床碳氧同位素特征及其意义

杜胜江1,2,温汉捷3,4*,秦朝建3,卢树藩1,燕永锋5,杨光树5   

  1. 1.贵州省地质调查院,贵州 贵阳 550004;
    2.东华理工大学,江西 南昌 330013;
    3.中国科学院地球化学研究所矿床地球化学国家重点实验室,贵州 贵阳 550081;
    4.中国科学院大学,北京 100049;
    5.昆明理工大学,云南 昆明 650000
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-19 修回日期:2018-01-17 出版日期:2018-06-30 发布日期:2018-06-30
  • 通讯作者: 温汉捷(1971-),男,浙江嘉兴人,研究员,博士生导师,从事矿床学与同位素地球化学研究工作。wenhanjie@vip.gyig.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:杜胜江(1986-),男,贵州平塘人,高级工程师,博士研究生,从事矿床学及成矿年代学研究工作。shengjiangdu@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目“稀散矿产资源基地深部探测技术示范”(编号:2017YFC0602503)、贵州省科技计划项目“煤系非常规天然气(煤系气)富集规律研究”(编号:黔科合[2016]支撑2807)、贵州省地质矿产勘查开发局地质科研项目“贵州晚二叠世龙潭组煤系非常规天然气(煤系气)有效目标层段划分—以普安地区为例”(编号:黔地矿科合(2016)31号)和贵州省创新人才团队项目“贵州省三稀(稀有、稀土、稀散)矿产资源科技创新人才团队”(编号:2017-5657)联合资助

Carbon-Oxygen Isotopic Characteristics and Its Significance of Sanbao Mn-Ag Deposit in Laojunshan Ore District,Southeastern Yunnan Province

DU Shengjiang 1,2,WEN Hanjie 3,4,QIN Chaojian 3,LU Shufan 1,YAN Yongfeng 5,YANG Guangshu 5   

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    Abstract:
      1.Guizhou Geological Survey,Bureau of Geology and Mineral Exploration and Development of Guizhou Province,Guiyang 550005,Guizhou,China;2.East China University of Technology,Nanchang 330013,Jiangxi,China;
    3.State Key Laboratory of Ore Deposit Geochemistry,Institute of Geochemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guiyang 550081,Guizhou,China;
    4.Universtiy of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China;5.Kunming University of Science and Technology,Kunming 650000,Yunnan,China
  • Received:2017-08-19 Revised:2018-01-17 Online:2018-06-30 Published:2018-06-30

摘要: 对三保锰银矿床进行了系统的碳氧同位素及电子探针研究,发现矿石中的菱锰矿和共生方解石的碳同位素值均偏负,氧同位素值为正,而围岩的碳同位素组成在零值附近。研究结果表明:三保锰银矿床的碳可能主要来自地幔源或深部岩浆系统,但是其碳同位素组成并没有完全落在深部地幔δ13C的范围,暗示着成矿流体中的碳除了主要来源于深部系统之外,还加入了部分大气降水循环淋滤围岩中的碳。该矿床的矿体展布形态以似层状、透镜状和囊状为主,而并非规则层状。另外,微区矿物学还发现矿石中还有少量的典型岩浆型副矿物,如锆石和金红石等。上述研究结果表明,该矿床应属于热液成因,而非一般的海相沉积型。该研究成果不仅阐述了锰银矿床的稳定碳氧同位素特征,而且有助于深化对矿床成因的认识,丰富找矿信息,从而提高找矿效果。

关键词: 热液型矿床, 碳氧同位素, 电子探针, 矿物学, 氧化型锰矿, 原生型锰矿, 三保锰银矿床, 老君山矿集区

Abstract: A systematic study of carbon-oxygen isotope and electron microprobe for Sanbao Mn-Ag deposit was carried out.It was found that the carbon isotope composition of primary rhodochrosite and coexisted calcite were negative and the oxygen isotopic value were positive,while the carbon isotope value of wall rock was near zero.The results show that the carbon in Sanbao Mn-Ag deposit mainly derives from the mantle source or deep magma system,but its carbon isotope value of this deposit doesn’t completely within δ13C value of deep mantle.It implies that the carbon in the ore-forming fluid may derive mainly from deep system,at the same time,atmospheric precipitation is added to cyclic leaching partial carbon produced from wall rock.The morphology of the ore bodies is stratoid layers,lentoid and lenticular and cystic,rather than typical of layered structure. Additionally,some magmatic accessory minerals such as zircon and rutile are discovered in the Mn-Ag ores.Comprehensive analysis show that the genetic type of Sanbao Mn-Ag deposit belongs to hydrothermal origin and not marine sedimentary deposit.Therefore,this study not only reports characteristics of stable carbon-oxygen isotope but is helpful to deepen the understanding on deposit genesis,broaden exploring information and improve prospecting effect.

Key words: hydrothermal type deposit, carbon-oxygen isotope;electron probe, Mineralogy, oxidized manganese ore, primary manganese ore, Sanbao Mn-Ag deposit, Laojunshan ore district

中图分类号: 

  • P618.51
 Xu Keqin,Sun Nai,Wang Dezi,et al.Investigation on the polycyclic granite intrusions of Southern China,with special notice on their ages of intrusions,distribution,characteristics,and their genetic relations to mineral deposits[J].Acta Geologica Sinica,1963,43(2):141-155.<br />
[3]  舒良树.华南前泥盆纪构造演化:从华夏地块到加里东期造山带[J].高校地质学报,2006,12(4):418-431.<br />
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[1]  毕珉烽,张达,吴淦国,等.滇东南麻栗坡一带中生代构造变形及其对钨多金属矿床的控制作用[J].地学前缘,2015,22(4):223-238.<br />
 Shu Liangshu.Predevonian tectonic evolution of South China:from cathaysian block to Caledonian period folded orogenic belt[J].Geological Journal of China Universities,2006,12(4):418-431.<br />
 Bi Minfeng,Zhang Da,Wu Ganguo,et al.Mesozoic tectonic deformation and ore-controlling of tungsten poly-metallic deposits in Malipo area,southeast Yunnan[J].Earth Science Frontiers,2015,22(4):223-238.<br />
[2]  徐克勤,孙鼐,王德滋,等.华南多旋回花岗岩类的侵入时代、岩性特征、分布规律及其成矿专属性的探讨[J].地质学报,1963,43(2):141-155.<br />
[4]  Wang Y J,Fan W M,Zhao G C,et al.Zircon U-Pb geochronogy of gneissic rocks in the Yunkai massif and its implications on the Caledonian event in the South China Block[J].Gondwana Research,2007,12(4):404-416.<br />
[5]  华仁民,张文兰,陈培荣,等.初论华南加里东花岗岩与大规模成矿作用的关系[J].高校地质学报,2013,19(1):1-11.<br />
 Xu Keqin,Sun Nai,Wang Dezi,et al.Investigation on the polycyclic granite intrusions of Southern China,with special notice on their ages of intrusions,distribution,characteristics,and their genetic relations to mineral deposits[J].Acta Geologica Sinica,1963,43(2):141-155.<br />
[3]  舒良树.华南前泥盆纪构造演化:从华夏地块到加里东期造山带[J].高校地质学报,2006,12(4):418-431.<br />
 Hua Renmin,Zhang Wenlan,Chen Peirong,et al.Relationship between Caledonian granitoids and large-scale mineralization in South China[J].Geological Journal of China Universities,2013,19(1):1-11.<br />
[6]  周青云,张沛全,李鉴林,等.文山—麻栗坡断裂北段晚第四纪活动特征研究[J].地震研究,2016,39(3):386-396.<br />
 Shu Liangshu.Predevonian tectonic evolution of South China:from cathaysian block to Caledonian period folded orogenic belt[J].Geological Journal of China Universities,2006,12(4):418-431.<br />
 Zhou Qingyun,Zhang Peiquan,Li Jianlin,et al.Research on characteristics of Late Quaternary activity of the North Wenshan-Malipo fault[J].Journal of Seismological Research,2016,39(3):386-396.<br />
[7]  陈泽超,林伟,Faure M,等.越南东北部早中生代构造事件的年代学约束[J].岩石学报,2013,29(5):1825-1840.<br />
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